Radiology

Radiology

Radiology is a field of medicine where various imaging methods are used for the purpose of diagnosing and treating diseases. Below, we introduce you to the essence of different imaging methods and their practical applications in everyday clinical practice.

X-ray
X-ray is the most common radiological method. During the procedure, ionizing radiation or X-rays are used. However, with modern high-technology devices the radiation dose is kept minimal and the procedure is very fast. Most often, X-ray images are taken from the chest to visualize lungs, from the vertebra, and from different bones and joints (in case of a trauma, for example). In dentistry, orthopantomograms are used to visualize all teeth in one picture. Sometimes various contrast media are used in combination with X-ray, for example to evaluate the passability and function of the gastrointestinal tract.

Mammography
Mammography
is an X-ray study of the breast. Mammograph is a special instrument that helps to discover different breast diseases (especially breast cancer) in an early phase. Images are taken from two different directions to ascertain the exact location of the tumor. During the mammography procedure, the tumor can be marked with a special wire to facilitate its removal during surgery.

Ultrasound
Ultrasound, also called ultrasonography, is a method to visualize organs by means of ultrasound waves. The procedure is absolutely safe as no radiation is used. Ultrasound examinations are routinely performed in pregnant women as well. Ultrasound is the most useful for studying the internal organs, thyroid gland, blood vessels, joints, and soft tissues. In addition, ultrasound enables to assess the speed and direction of blood flow in blood vessels (for example, to exclude the possibility of thrombosis in the leg). It is not possible to study lungs, stomach, intestine or bones by means of ultrasound. Ultrasound is also used to take tissue samples (biopsies) and to insert drainage tubes and stents.

Computer tomography
Computer tomography (CT scan)
is a method to obtain layered and spatial images of the human body by using X-rays. As the radiation dose is much higher compared to an ordinary X-ray, this procedure is undertaken only in case of specific need. In certain cases contrast medium is injected in the vein before the scan to make the image more informative. When the procedure is performed without contrast medium, it is called a native scan. Computer tomography can be used to study the head (including the brain), neck, heart, lungs, stomach, pelvis, and vertebra.

Magnetic resonance imaging
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scan)
is an imaging method based on strong magnetic field. As no X-rays are used, no harmful ionizing radiation is involved and the radiation dose is zero. Similarly to computer tomography, contrast medium can be used in MRI scan to facilitate the detection of pathologies. Magnetic resonance imaging can be used to visualize the head, different joints, vertebra, stomach, pelvis, heart, blood vessels, and other structures of the body.

Angiography
Angiography
is used to visualize the lumen of blood vessels and assess the condition of the arteries, veins and heart chambers. During the procedure, contrast medium is injected in the vein to enhance the image. To assess blood vessels, series of images are taken by means of a special X-ray apparatus that reveal how the contrast medium flows in the vessels. By means of a thin tube (catheter) that is guided into the artery, a metal mesh (stent) can be inserted in the narrow segments of the artery to remove blockages and improve blood flow. Angiography can be combined with computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

Services:

    • Hip X-ray

      €16–€149

      Hip X-ray is a radiological method of diagnostic imaging for the visualization of the hip joint and the primary diagnostics of its pathologies (e.g. arthrosis or fracture).

    • Paranasal sinus radiography

      €12–€99

      Paranasal sinus radiography is a method of diagnostic imaging to diagnose sinusitis (inflammation of the sinus cavities).

    • Mammography (mammogram)

      €14–€136

      Mammography is a radiological method of diagnostic imaging to diagnose breast cancer.

    • Lumbosacral spine X-ray

      €15–€110

      Lumbosacral spine X-ray is a radiological method of diagnostic imaging for the primary diagnostics of the pathologies of the lumbosacral vertebrae (e.g. degeneration of the intervertebral discs).

    • Knee joint X-ray

      €14–€105

      Knee joint X-ray is a radiological method of diagnostic imaging for the visualization of the knee joint and the primary diagnostics of its pathologies (e.g. arthrosis or fracture).

    • Chest X-ray (CXR)

      €12–€110

      Chest X-ray is the most common radiological method of diagnostic imaging. This method which enables to visualize the chest region, can be used for diagnosing lung-related problems, such as pneumonia, tuberculosis or tumor.

    • Dental radiography

      €4–€40

      Dental radiography or dental X-ray is a simple and informative method of diagnostic imaging used for planning dental treatment and evaluating its effectiveness. Dental radiography enables to assess the structure of a tooth and the condition of its surrounding tissues. Radiography helps to evaluate the depth and extent of caries, diagnose dental developmental anomalies, and assess the condition of bone tissue in case of parodontosis or periodontitis. Dental radiography gives a small radiation dose.

    • Panoramic dental X-ray

      €10–€107

      Panoramic dental X-ray is a simple and informative method of diagnostic imaging used for planning dental treatment and evaluating its effectiveness. Panoramic dental X-ray provides a detailed image of the structure of the teeth and their surrounding tissue. Nowadays many different panoramic dental X-ray programs are used to adjust the shooting angle so that only a specific region or all the teeth are visualized, depending on the aim of the procedure. X-ray helps to plan the insertion of an implant, evaluate the depth and extent of caries, diagnose dental developmental anomalies, and assess the condition of bone tissue in case of parodontosis or periodontitis. Panoramic dental X-ray gives a small radiation dose.

    • 3D X-ray of the maxilla or mandible

      €40–€341

      Ordinary X-ray gives a two-dimensional image, but 3D X-ray enables to construct a spatial image of the head, bringing forth all the anatomical structures that have to be taken into account when planning treatment procedures. During 3D X-ray, hundreds of image layers are registered from the region of interest from different angles. From this data, a 3D image is constructed in the computer. This procedure facilitates the designing of implants, planning of surgeries, diagnosing serious diseases, and assessing dental occlusion, the condition of tissues around the tooth and the health of the temporomandibular joints. Depending on the aim of the study, it is possible to visualize both maxilla and mandible, only one of them or only half of one. 3D X-ray gives a somewhat higher radiation dose than dental radiography.

    • 3D X-ray of half of the maxilla or mandible

      €9–€219

      Ordinary X-ray gives a two-dimensional image, but 3D X-ray enables to construct a spatial image of the head, bringing forth all the anatomical structures that have to be taken into account when planning treatment procedures. During 3D X-ray, hundreds of image layers are registered from the region of interest from different angles. From this data, a 3D image is constructed in the computer. This procedure facilitates the designing of implants, planning of surgeries, diagnosing serious diseases, and assessing dental occlusion, the condition of tissues around the tooth and the health of the temporomandibular joints. Depending on the aim of the study, it is possible to visualize both maxilla and mandible, only one of them or only half of one. 3D X-ray gives a somewhat higher radiation dose than dental radiography.

    • 3D X-ray of both maxilla and mandible

      €50–€487

      Ordinary X-ray gives a two-dimensional image, but 3D X-ray enables to construct a spatial image of the head, bringing forth all the anatomical structures that have to be taken into account when planning treatment procedures. During 3D X-ray, hundreds of image layers are registered from the region of interest from different angles. From this data, a 3D image is constructed in the computer. This procedure facilitates the designing of implants, planning of surgeries, diagnosing serious diseases, and assessing dental occlusion, the condition of tissues around the tooth and the health of the temporomandibular joints. Depending on the aim of the study, it is possible to visualize both maxilla and mandible, only one of them or only half of one. 3D X-ray gives a somewhat higher radiation dose than dental radiography.

    • Wrist X-ray

      €33–€105

      Wrist X-ray is a radiological method of diagnostic imaging to assess the condition of the wrist joint. It is used as the primary method to diagnose fractures of the wrist joint and the lower end of the radius and ulna. Wrist X-ray is also used to assess other changes in the joint and bony structures such as arthrosis and bone tumors.

    • Shoulder X-ray

      €20–€133

      Shoulder X-ray is a radiological method of diagnostic imaging to assess the condition of the shoulder joint. It is used as the primary method to diagnose diseases and assess bony changes in the upper humerus, upper scapula and the outermost end of the clavicle (arthrosis, dislocation or fracture).

    • X-ray of the thoracic spine

      €24–€105

      Thoracic spine X-ray is a radiological method of diagnostic imaging to assess the condition of the thoracic spine (thoracic vertebrae). It is used as the primary method to diagnose spine pathologies such as injuries, tumors and age-related changes or arthrosis.

    • Ankle X-ray

      €33–€105

      Ankle X-ray is a radiological method of diagnostic imaging to assess the condition of the ankle joint. It is used as the primary method to visualize bony structures and diagnose diseases of the ankle joint (arthrosis, bony changes or fracture).

    • Calcaneus X-ray

      €33–€105

      Calcaneus X-ray is a radiological method of diagnostic imaging to assess the condition of the heel and calcaneus (heel bone). It is used as the primary method to assess bony changes in the calcaneus and diagnose diseases (dislocation or fracture).

    • Foot X-ray

      €20–€133

      Foot X-ray is a radiological method of diagnostic imaging to assess the condition of the foot and metatarsus. It is used as the primary method to assess the bony structures of the foot and diagnose diseases (arthrosis, bony changes or fracture).

    • X-ray of the cervical spine

      €24–€105

      Neck X-ray is a radiological method of diagnostic imaging to assess the condition of the cervical (neck) region of the vertebra. It is used as the primary method to diagnose vertebra injuries, overload and age-related arthritic changes.